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Malocclusion is often means bad bite. It refers to misaligned, crooked teeth or fault in the relation between top and bottom set of teeth. This occurs due to any injury to teeth or facial bones, continuous thumb sucking habit. Thumb sucking habit often result in localized deformation of the teeth and supporting bone. Malocclusion does not cause any effect to physical health but varies the position of teeth. Malocclusion changes the shape of personвЂ™s face and appearance of teeth that lead to embarrassment, depression and lack of self-confidence. Severe malocclusion affects eating, speech and keeping the teeth clean.
The orthodontic appliances handled by orthodontist include fixed appliances like braces, fixed space maintainers and special fixed appliances, and removable appliances like aligners, headgear, palatal expander, removable retainers and space maintainers. Fixed appliances like braces consist of brackets that are connected to front of the teeth and bands that are fixed firmly around the teeth. If any child loses milk tooth then space maintainer will prevent two teeth at either side from moving into the space. The thumb sucking and tongue thrusting habits are effectively avoided by special fixed appliances.
Removable orthodontic appliances are used in treating minor problems like correction of slightly crooked teeth and reducing thumb sucking habits. Aligners can be used instead of braces and they can be taken out while brushing your teeth. Headgear is used to slow down upper jaw growth. Lip and cheek bumpers are used in relieving the pressure of cheeks or lips on teeth. Removable retainers are placed on roof of mouth that stop the teeth from moving back to their original positions. Removable space maintainers are used instead of fixed space maintainers.
Orthodontist deal with several problems like front teeth protrude, crowding, impacted teeth, asymmetrical teeth, reverse and open bite, under and cross bite, spacing between the teeth. Our orthodontist commences treatment only after the age of 12 or 13. It is because at this age range, the adult teeth have developed fully. Good oral hygiene is maintained before the commencement of orthodontic work. When devices are placed on the teeth, bits of food are much more likely to become stuck. In that case, you need to brush carefully, to prevent tooth decay while treatment is ongoing.
Orthodontist will assess the state of your teeth and make a prediction on how they are likely to develop without treatment. The various diagnostic procedures performed by orthodontist include X-rays of teeth and jaw, clinical examination, entire medical and dental health history and plaster models of teeth. After the assessment is done orthodontist decide treatment plan.
The success of the orthodontic treatment relies on both the skills of the orthodontist, and the enthusiasm and helpfulness of parents. You have to follow any instructions given by orthodontist and regularly attend appointments you have with them. The success of the treatment also depends on the commitment of the patient.
When orthodontist finishes the treatment, the teeth need to be held in position for a limited time which is called as retention period and the appliances used in holding the teeth are retainers. The retainers hold newly straightened teeth in position while the surrounding gum and bone settles. The retainers can be removable or fixed, depending on the original problem.
All these appliances may cause discomfort but our efficient orthodontist carries out adjustments to remove that discomfort effectively. Orthodontic braces need adjusting for four to six weeks. Our orthodontist informs you when your brace need adjusting.